Medical Usage of Cannabis
The most common Cannabis used in the medical field is for pain control. Although it is not potent enough for extreme pain control like post-surgical pain, it is efficient in relieving chronic pain especially among the elderly group.
It can also help to manage:
- Neurotic pain
- Pain caused by multiple sclerosis
- Nausea and vomiting due to chemotherapy
- Glaucoma but limited evidence
- Epilepsy; Epidiolex (purified form of CBD) has been approved by the FDA for seizures associated with two epileptic encephalopathies such as Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome.
- Unintentional appetite and weight loss due to HIV/AIDS. Marinol and Syndros which contain dronabinol and nabilone (synthetic THC) are approved by FDA to treat such symptoms.
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Sleep problems
By far, U.S. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved using cannabis plants for any medical use except certain drugs that contain cannabinoids such as Epidolex, Marinol and Syndros.
Other Usage of Cannabis
People often put seed oil, dried leaves and other parts of the cannabis plant into use. However, it can be consumed in many different ways, generally including heating to decarboxylate the cannabinoid acids into THC and CBD to give the pleasurable effect and may soothe health symptoms such as chronic pain.
It can be consumed through:
- Smoking – involves burning and inhaling vaporized cannabinoids through paper wrapped joints, small pipes, bongs (water pipes) and other items.
- Brew as cannabis tea – contains lower concentration of THC since it is lipophilic and slightly soluble in water only. It is brewed by adding saturated fat (cream or full cream milk) to hot water with a small amount of cannabis.
- Consumed it raw
- Edibles – cannabis is incorporated into foods such as pastry (often as cookie, candy or brownies)
- Capsules – typically contain other dietary supplement products with cannabis oil which some of them have already been approved in Canada in 2018.
- Vaporizer – heats any form of cannabis to 165-190 degree celsius, causing active ingredients to evaporate into vapour without actually burning the plant material.
- Apply it topically (patch, lotion and gel)
- E-cigarettes – inhalation of vaporized THC- containing oil